Artistic forging - Malleable metal.

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    Malleable metal.

    According to mythology, all metals were in charge of Pluto ruled the underworld, but at the same time associated with the cosmic energy of the planets. The alchemists recognized seven major metals, which corresponded to the deity and celestial body.

    Artistic forging metal - Metals



    Gold - an imperishable material, born of the Sun, associated with Apollo, red, pure Spirit, giving rise to all living things. Silver - a perfect metal, is correlated with the Moon, Diana, blue, ethereal soul, and gives the feeling of ideal images.

    Other metals are not perfect. Mercury Mercury and corresponds to white, tin - the lightest metal - corresponds to Jupiter, and purple. Iron is identified with Mars, and the orange solid Spirit, give birth movement, and sometimes very unpredictable aspirations.

    Copper is associated with Venus, her match green and corporeal soul, responsible for saving the life force. Lead belongs to Saturn and is identified with a yellow and a material body. Alchemy tried to build up the evolutionary ladder of metals in the bottom of which was iron, and then went copper, lead, tin, silver, at the very top - gold.

    In traditional folk performances are different metals, especially iron, silver and gold, were given magical powers, as well as a variety of objects made from these materials, amulets, jewelry, weapons, mirrors, coins and things like that. Any metal thing attracts attention, even if it's only a bronze knob on a drawer or a small candle.

    Artistic forging metal - Metals



    Bronze is represented by many compounds. Chief among them is an alloy of copper and 10% tin. Bronze is very well behaved during casting and even better when machining. This material, which appeared at the will of man. From the moment when the molten rock flowed out of the first metal, a new era in human history - the Bronze Age.

    Before that people had to deal only c materials created by nature itself. In the era of bronze construction. Made of bronze weapons and money. Bronze - a symbol of progress and, therefore, might and power. It combines the quality of all other materials.

    Bronze can be hard and stubborn as a stone, is fluid and changeable as water, can shine like the sun and reflect like a mirror, can be difficult and stubborn, and can serve as a master without question. It is not subject to centuries. "Who owns the bronze, he owns everything, the real winner," "Bronze - a symbol of enlightened government." Its impact on the lives of people has surpassed even gold.

    Least because of its larger, and it is available. Of all the materials bronze is the most versatile, it can simulate any other material that will clearly and plastically. The whole arsenal of techniques, which is the master, dealing with the metal, it is possible to work with bronze. Be creative in bronze, and no doubt in your success.

    Time can spoil everything, it bespaschyadno. Pomnetsya engraving, porcelain is broken, cracked or burned wood. Even a stone can be broken, but the bronze sculpture will survive everything. Especially since today there is no need to pour it on guns or money.

    Artistic forging metal - Metals



    Brass consists of copper and 10-50% zinc. Brass - an alloy of copper and zinc, the metal of yellow color, from a distance like gold. This material, which has rich features in the interior. Brass can be finished with everything. The range is very wide: from small pens, key, fittings for the furniture to the architectural details - columns, railings, fences, etc.

    It combines perfectly with the tree, black metal, with stainless steel, easy to fabricate a variety of ways: turning, milling, molding can be used. Typically, the smiths "cuts out" blanks, including the right arch forms, which are then welded, soldered, polished so that it is not find any seams.

    How to give brass surface - it is a matter of taste. Can be polished to a mirror finish and cover with a special varnish that is not faded, or, conversely, let the metal eventually oxidize, darken, will acquire a noble patina of natural greenish hue, creating a feeling of antiquity.

    Can be subjected to chemical etching or color, to give a variety of surface textures, apply image - as if lightly brush walked. You can handle the surface on a lathe or hydraulically applied some relief. Interesting texture you can get hot with a gas torch.

    Preheat be uneven, or remove the burner present, will be something like embossing. Then you can leave a rough surface or a clean and polished.

    Artistic forging metal - Metals



    Copper is the most versatile metal. It has excellent properties: it can be forged, pull, twist, solder, weld, you can engrave on it, and mint. In addition, it can enter into the composition of alloys with other metals, improving their performance.

    Copper is often made of the roof, sometimes it occurs in the interior. One of the advantages of copper - beautiful color, which enriches the flavor of the product, especially if the tint and impart different shades. Brass parts are combined perfectly with wooden furniture. From the drawing it do over the fireplace or stove.

    Artistic forging metal - Metals



    Cast iron consists of iron, and contains from 2 to 4.5% carbon. Iron after the Bronze Age - an ancient material that has a wide range of applications. In Spain, preserved forged bars, made in IV century. They used to say: "The Smith all trades father." Cast iron - an alloy of iron with carbon, but carbon is greater here than in steel.

    On the carbon content changes the properties of steels. Cast iron has a lower melting point than iron, so it's easy to cast even in the factory. The workshops can perform a variety of cast iron parts, for example, the peaks for the fences. You can make spiral staircases, balusters for stairs.

    In general, casting, if something is cast in a single copy will be too expensive. You can use wooden models. Sometimes simply casting into the ground. Imagine a child's sandbox: flattened, pressed his mold, received an imprint. To him cut through a special groove - gate where molten metal is poured.

    Of course, should be a natural or special molding sand composition, prepared at the factory. If the product is complex, with lots of protruding parts, applies Investment Casting. First the model in plaster, it is covered with rubber, which hardens and is removed. In the form of rubber filled with wax, the wax is obtained form.

    It is covered by special trains and placed in an oven, the wax melts and flows, but in the vacant cavity is filled with molten metal, the same cast. Cast brass and bronze can be covered with an artificial patina, from black to brown. Often in complex products can combine different techniques: forging, casting, lathe, bench work.

    Artistic forging metal - Metals



    Steel - an alloy of iron with carbon. In steels of medium carbon percentage in the range 0,34-0,60%, and high-carbon steels - within 0,60-0,90%. Different composition of pieces of steel (low-and high-carbon) are added together, twist, heat and prokovyvayutsya.

    To have the finished product when it is polished, all the layers appear in the form of a drawing. When forging important even fuel. Metal forging better than coke - it burns too, but on a second-class brown coal, which gives a good flame and creates a suitable replacement on Wednesday.

    Forged metal with all the density and gravity - a lively, flexible material, and if his love, he gives off. Forged things are made from one piece of metal, you simply modifies a shapeless mass. Therefore, ringing in the forged product is different from the ringing in the molded product. The most perfect metal for forging a mild steel.

    The hot it literally flows. Very docile material. It is a little oxidized, and in the interior can be no cover. Steel does everything from sewing needles to complex machines. There is need for some additional devices, such as the furnace. Blacksmith for the most suitable low carbon steel, when heated it like clay in his hands.

    This creates a special flavor of forged products - they are wrinkled on the surface can track the movement of metal in the deformation process. In contrast, injection is much stronger in a sense. Cast thing will be more fragile. Forged steel decor can be done very delicately, to bend branches, almost trembling.

    Features forged steel in the decorative arts are endless. Made, and women's jewelry, and household items. In the hard work you can decide how to do this or that detail is something easier to forge, cast something, somewhere will have to solder.

    Artistic forging metal - Metals



    Blueing. Bluing - one of the traditional methods of artistic treatment of steel. The product is dipped in butter and processed by the fire, as a result creates a protective layer that protects reliably against corrosion. Technique tedious.

    Approximately half of the time it takes to prepare the surface of the product to blueing. The advantage of this technique is that the metal surface does not seem painted, it retains the natural color and texture of all traces of forging.

    The advantage of such a metal things, firstly, in their strength, and secondly, in the beauty - you can feel the natural texture and color create expressive black accents in the interior. Things are very different in nature: you can make light lacy, feminine thing, and can be masculine, aggressive, taut as an arrow.

    Artistic forging metal - Metals



    Stainless steel is an alloy of iron with chromium and nickel. Stainless steel is very relevant in a modern interior in hi-tech style with lots of glass and metal. It is practical because it does not rust and does not tarnish, so when polished, it is forever. What is in? There's a few components - mainly iron, titanium, nickel, chromium.

    Now there are many different steel billets. Abroad, our raw material is processed and we provide a variety of profiles, tubes, sheets, sanded, polished, with perforation, and our master of these pieces already cuts out, assembled, processed surface. Steel is often polished.

    But now, designers like polished, slightly matte finish, not polished to a mirror shine. Today the development of laser technology has of drawing or writing on steel. Uneven surface on steel, brass, as in, no longer perform, but it is still possible, if heated to squeeze in, say, volcanic terrain.

    Zinc, titanium and steel. On this alloy to perform well engravings. Engraving requires many repetitions. Over the same plot for block printing, you can work long hours years, repeating it in painting and drawing, and watercolors, but almost always ends up etching. Polished, honed and sandblasted zinc gives a different color and different light reflection.

    And the palette of colors and reflections of different restraint, it attracts metal. Of zinc with a matt surface after shot blasting can be applied to the engraving. Steel engraving can not be already, but it great reflective power. Spanish steel - a mirror, the Russian is worse, but these differences can be used.

    Sometimes the relief necessary to implement and a sonorous accent, like titanium, he has a warm generous fuscous shade, and reflects well. Each metal has its own unique properties. You can use right away all the effects, except for the engraving. Instead, every detail of the graphics can be included in the aluminum corner, creating a rhythmic articulation.

    Tsinkotitan - the material is practically eternal. It is treated by chemical etching, which gives a beautiful patterned texture. Then he carved out of such plates is going to frame for the light. It is poorly machined. To identify after etching the wealth figure, it is necessary to work with him for long, clean to handle, then spots may appear.

    Instead, he pours perfectly, but you can hire to do constructive things stylish. Experience shows that many of these works from exhibitions safely move to the interiors, but are more suited to offices, particularly well they fit into the style of hi-tech. In general, the metal makes a strange impression when you look at it, not even touching, you can enjoy and feel the thickness of the material. This is amazing!

    Artistic forging metal - Metals



    Gold and silver. More recently, there was an absurd situation where the master, even well-known, had no right to work with precious metals. Group exhibition staged jewelry jewelry sculpture, where are the precious things of the base metal. In the mid-80s there were still more absurd situations, such as jewelry made of silver stuff, but then it was covered with copper-plated to avoid misunderstandings at the shows.

    Of course, silver or gold high grade plastic, easier to work with them, especially in thin products, but you can do the same in appearance as a product of brass and gold. In the silver jewelry is replaced by other materials - Melchior, his name still nizilberom - from the German "new silver" - a fusion of nickel and copper. There is a "Polish the silver" - white brass. There are many alloys, which can simulate anything.

    In complex jewelry often combined different techniques: the casting, and filigree. There are things that should be made of precious metals, because the wizard and the object itself, which is registered, in themselves are of great value.

    To manufacture such things as precious ornaments, from cheap materials is meaningless. As for strength, then, perhaps, if gold is to dig into the earth for centuries, it preserved better. But history shows that gold objects were destroyed or melted more than brass.

    Of course, gold and silver remain the most beautiful, tech materials with which you always want and need to work. Gold - great stuff, but because it has very sensitive, gold can only afford something tiny, and jewelry. Since it does not razmahneshsya.

    The Aztecs were full of gold, so they were cast out of his sculptures. In gold unsurpassed castability, then it does not require treatment, as almost not oxidized. The most complex, most delicate elaboration, literally fingerprints can be cast in gold. Silver has the highest reflectivity, no wonder the ancient mirrors were made of silver.

    Based on the above, a blacksmith need different metals. Each metal has its own characteristics and advantages. For each product must pick a metal that would be a perfect fit for him, with all the characteristics of the metal and taking into account the environment in which the product is used, then the product will last really long, and associates will enjoy its beauty and sophistication.

     








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